We also provide tips on how to get the most out of your new DSLR camera, and give you tips to protect your camera while traveling.
How to choose a DSLR camera?
Before we share our list of the best DSLRs, we'd like to give you some tips on what a DSLR really is, so you can decide if this type of camera is right for you.
We will tell you how a DSLR differs from other cameras, and why you should buy a DSLR.
What is a DSLR camera?
The abbreviation DSLR stands for “Digital Single Lens Reflex”, which is a special type of camera that has a mirror inside the camera body and uses a digital sensor. These cameras have largely replaced the Single Lens Reflex (SLR) cameras that have been used by photographers for decades. The main difference is that film cameras use rolls of film, while SLR cameras have a digital sensor instead.
Apart from the transition from film to digital in image storage, the underlying technology of this type of camera has not changed much.
First, let's explain what a DSLR or single lens reflex camera is. The main part of a DSLR (or DSLR) camera, which differs from other types of cameras such as compact cameras, mirrorless cameras or smartphone cameras, is that inside the camera there is a mirror that sits inside the camera body between the lens and the camera sensor. If you remove the lens from the DSLR and look into the lens mount area, you will see this mirror.
This mirror catches the light entering through the camera lens and reflects it to the camera's optical viewfinder. This viewfinder is where you put your eye when you want to compose an image.
Pressing the camera shutter button will cause the mirror to rise and allow light to pass through the shutter curtain and onto the camera sensor. This is why the optical viewfinder turns off when you press the shutter button.
The way a DSLR camera works has several advantages from a photography standpoint. First, when you look through the optical viewfinder, you see what the camera sees, since the light you see passes through the lens. This makes the focus adjustment more precise.
The optical viewfinder is also very battery efficient, as you don't have to turn on the screen to see what the camera sees as you do with other types of cameras such as mirrorless cameras or point and shoot cameras.
DSLRs also have a number of other notable features, some of which they share with other cameras. You can swap lenses, and most have larger sensors than, say, a point-and-shoot camera, full manual control, and excellent performance.
The technology has also proven itself very well, which means there is a wide selection of SLR cameras at a wide range of prices, as well as a wide selection of lenses.
How to choose a DSLR camera?
Until roughly 2012 or 2013, a DSLR was the natural choice for photographers looking to improve their photographs. They offer manual control, interchangeable lenses and the best image quality of any camera on the market.
However, in 2012, mirrorless cameras became a popular alternative to DSLRs. Mirrorless cameras offer similar features to DSLR cameras, but most are smaller and lighter, making them more appealing to consumers. Size and weight are especially important for those using a travel camera.
However, there are still many good reasons to buy a DSLR, which we'll talk about now, comparing DSLRs to other types of cameras on the market today.
What's the best DSLR or smartphone?
A DSLR is very different from a smartphone. You will get much better image quality with a DSLR camera than a smartphone camera. With a larger sensor, interchangeable lenses, longer battery life, full manual control and RAW file support.
There are of course some disadvantages. A DSLR camera will be much larger and heavier than a cell phone, and it is definitely not something you can slip into your pocket or even wallet in most cases.
A DSLR will also be more difficult to use and probably more expensive. However, modern smartphones are quite expensive and some phones are now more expensive than some DSLRs. However, since you probably already own a smartphone, getting a DSLR would be a good addition.
It's worth noting that the latest smartphones on the market offer a lot, but none of the smartphones with the best cameras will be on par with the best compact DSLR cameras.
So if you want to really improve your photography, a DSLR is definitely a better choice than a smartphone.
Which is better DSLR or digital?
Digital cameras are found between smartphones and DSLRs. Compared to smartphones, they give you the advantage of a dedicated camera system with a large sensor, as well as other features like decent zoom and, in some cases, more manual controls.
Compact cameras are generally easier to use than DSLR cameras and require less knowledge to master. They are also much smaller, lighter and often fit into a pocket or purse without problems.
However, compact cameras have several disadvantages. They usually don't have manual controls or RAW support. Image quality is also generally not comparable to that of a DSLR. The image quality of a compact camera will usually be on par or slightly better than that of a smartphone.
Is it worth buying a DSLR camera?
If you are a lover or a professional of photography, surely you have the answer already quite clear. In our opinion, it is worth it, above all if you have the knowledge to enjoy equipment as accurate as a DSLR camera. And the difference in the quality of the photographs is considerable.
For whom is it advisable to buy a DSLR camera?
DSLR cameras are recommended for everyone who wants to take high quality photos, thanks to their powerful sensors. More specifically, they are ideal for photography enthusiasts who have advanced knowledge and for those who wish to make the leap to professional photography.
How important is the lens of a DSLR camera?
There is something you need to keep very clear in mind: after the camera, the lens, or objective, is the most important element of a photographer's equipment. Some say it is even more important than the camera itself. Its importance is due to the fact that it is the first place through which the light passes. Furthermore, on this journey the light undergoes changes and alterations.
In this way, the lens is a key element when taking pictures. That is why it is convenient to choose a suitable and good quality type. Keep in mind that most of the ones that come standard with cameras are usually pretty basic models.
We recommend that you purchase a higher quality lens over time.
What are the available modes of use of a DSLR camera?
Virtually all DSLR camera models allow you to choose between different modes of use. Thus, one can distinguish between an automatic mode, a series of predefined modes and manual and semi-manual modes. The predefined modes are programmed to be used in a number of specific circumstances.
The last two are those that allow you to have full control of the camera. Of course, they are also the most complicated to use. To be able to use them correctly, it is necessary to master at least some basic concepts. However, it is with manual mode that you can achieve the most impressive photographs.
What types of stabilizers does a DSLR camera use?
Image stabilization is necessary to correct possible camera movement. These movements can be voluntary or small camera vibrations. Normally, stabilization is necessary in two situations: when a slow shutter speed is used or when telephoto lenses are used.
Under these circumstances, if the image is not properly stabilized, it may result in blurred or "choppy" photographs. To correct this type of situation, DSLR cameras can use two image stabilization systems: the optical stabilizer or the mechanical stabilizer.
It is generally used by the brands Nikon, Canon, Panasonic and Leica
It was adopted by manufacturers like Olympus and Sony, among others
It consists of a lens shift system located inside the main lens. These lenses detect and correct camera movements
In this case, image stabilization is achieved by moving the image sensor
They offer the advantage of being optimized for each lens, although you need a stabilizer for each one
Since stabilization occurs in the camera body, it is available for all purposes
Generally offer higher performance
In general, its performance is slightly lower
What accessories are needed for a DSLR camera?
To get the most out of the DSLR camera, you will need a number of extra accessories. Depending on your needs, some can be essential practically from the moment you buy the camera, while others can gradually be incorporated into your photographic equipment.
Among the essential accessories, there are certainly memory cards and, of course, a good lens to replace the one that will come with your camera. From there, other accessories that you should consider are tripods, external flashes, filters, extra batteries and even external triggers.
What care does a DSLR camera require?
As you can imagine, DSLR cameras are very precise, but also delicate equipment. First, it is important to store the camera in a bag or backpack specifically designed to protect it from moisture and dirt. In addition, it is recommended that you use the camera with a strap around your neck, preventing falls and accidents.
It is often necessary to clean the sensor of the DSLR camera. You can ask a professional technician to do this task or perform it yourself. In the latter case, it is advisable to be very careful not to damage the equipment. And don't forget to take care of the battery, if you won't be using the camera for a while, it's best to remove it.
What's the best DSLR or mirrorless camera?
As previously mentioned, mirrorless cameras are quickly becoming popular for photographers looking for the benefits of a DSLR, but in a lighter body.
The main difference between a mirrorless camera and an DSLR is that a mirrorless camera is not mirrorless, which means you won't find a mirrorless camera with an optical viewfinder. If there is a viewfinder, it will be electronic. Instead, you will be able to see a digital preview of the image on the rear liquid crystal display (LCD) and / or electronic viewfinder.
This has its advantages and disadvantages. In terms of benefits, what you see on the screen of a mirrorless camera will be exactly what the image you capture looks like, since you are looking directly at the image that is being recorded by the sensor.
With a DSLR camera, you can only see the actual captured image after you press the shutter button if you are using an optical viewfinder. Although you can also use the display screen on the back of an SLR camera for the same effect.
This advantage comes with a trade-off, as this screen uses a lot of power, and mirrorless cameras have much worse battery life than comparable DSLRs. The number of shots can be significant, ranging from 200 to 300 shots per charge for a mirrorless camera, compared to 600 to 900 for a DSLR.
DSLRs are also in many cases larger and heavier than their mirrorless counterparts. However, you should consider the weight of the lenses and spare batteries that you will need to carry. So, while usually mirrorless cameras will be lighter and smaller, this isn't always the case, especially when bundled with lenses.
DSLRs are also cheaper in many cases than mirrorless cameras. The price of new technologies and an additional screen have kept the prices of mirrorless cameras quite high, and generally, a mirrorless camera will be more expensive, or at least as expensive as a DSLR.
Finally, DSLRs have been around for a long time. This means there is an incredible selection of lenses available, including third party lenses such as those from Canon and Nikon, and lenses from third parties such as those from Tamron or Sigma.
This huge selection and huge aftermarket means that DSLR lenses are often much more affordable than mirrorless lenses.
Advantages of DSLR cameras
Here are the main advantages of a DSLR:
- Excellent image quality
- Replaceable lenses
- Wide range of lenses and other accessories for third party cameras
- Full manual control
- Excellent battery life
- Less expensive than many mirrorless cameras
- Look professional
Disadvantages of DSLR cameras
Here are the main disadvantages of a DSLR camera:
- Larger and heavier than smartphones, compact cameras, and most mirrorless cameras
- Higher cost than compact cameras and many smartphones
- More visible than small cameras
How to choose the right SLR camera
To help you, we've put together some key features that you should consider when comparing different DSLR models. Some of them may be necessary for you, while other functions may not be so important.
The sensor is one of the most important parts of any camera, be it a smartphone or DSLR. It is the component that is responsible for capturing light and converting it into a digital image file.
In the days of film cameras, a sensor was a physical piece of film that reacted chemically to light hitting it. Modern cameras have replaced this piece of film with a digital sensor, and the size of that sensor is directly related to the performance of the camera.
Generally, the larger the sensor, the better the camera will perform. This is especially true when using the camera for low-light or night-time photography, as a small sensor often cannot capture enough light to produce pleasing images.
Another advantage of the larger sensor is that it provides a deeper field effect. Of course, these large sensors have a tradeoff as they need a larger camera body to accommodate them and larger lenses to capture light. Therefore, as a rule, larger sensors come with larger, heavier and more expensive cameras.
There are two main sensor sizes found in SLR cameras. These are APS-C and Full Frame sensors.
APS-C sensors are the most common size sensors in consumer DSLR cameras. The sensor size is not absolute, but is usually around 24mm x 16mm.
If you're buying an entry to mid-range DSLR, chances are it will come with a sensor of this size. Nikon refers to this sensor size as the “DX” sensor. Canon DSLRs with the EF-S lens mount system also use an APS-C size sensor.
Full frame sensors
Full frame sensors are the largest sensors available in DSLRs, with the exception of much more expensive and bulky medium format cameras which are beyond the scope of this article.
Full-frame sensors are so named because the sensor matches the size of a piece of film, as was the case with the original 36mm x 24mm film cameras. The result is a surface area 2.5 times the size of an APS-C size sensor.
As you can imagine, this type of sensor is capable of capturing a lot more light, making it an excellent choice for low light, motion and event photography. However, a larger sensor is much more expensive and also requires a larger camera body.
One popular marketing ploy that is often used to sell cameras of all kinds is megapixels.
Megapixel refers to the number of pixels that a camera captures when shooting, and is directly related to image size. For example, if an image is 5000 pixels wide and 4000 pixels high, then it will be 20 million pixels (5000 times 4000). Million is designated as mega, so it will be an image of 20 megapixels or 20 megapixels.
Megapixels are especially important if you plan on printing your large photos. Higher megapixel values print larger photos and produce better print quality.
The reality today is that most people don't print very many photos and they are mostly used and viewed on social media, websites, email and as screensavers, where they will never be displayed at more than 2000 pixels. Most websites and social media platforms display images at 800px or less. Even a 4 megapixel image (2000px x 2000px) is fine in these cases!
While megapixels matter up to a point, unless you plan to sell your photos, print them in large format, or think that you are cropping a lot of your images (this often happens in the case of wildlife and sports photography), then you no need to worry too much about the megapixel count. Anything at 12 megapixels or higher will be fine for most applications of the average photographer.
In most travel photography, we hold our cameras in our hands. This is normal in most cases, however, in low light conditions, images can be blurry due to our inability to keep our hands completely still.
One option, of course, is to get a tripod, which is a great travel option anyway. If you're interested in getting a tripod, check out our travel tripod guide.
Of course, it is not always convenient to carry a tripod, especially when traveling. Therefore, to help with this problem, camera manufacturers often implement so-called "image stabilization" in their camera technologies.
Image stabilization, as the name suggests, is a way to compensate for small hand movements when shooting at faster shutter speeds. Stabilization may not work wonders, but it can help, often allowing you to hold the camera in your hand and achieve sharp results with a shutter speed of 1 / 8th of a second.
Different manufacturers use different approaches and technologies for image stabilization, with some offering this with the sensor itself stabilized inside the camera. Other camera manufacturers offer this functionality in their lenses rather than in their camera bodies.
Lens compatibility and availability
One of the best things about buying a DSLR is that you have an incredible selection of lenses, both new and used. There are many more choices for DSLRs than for mirrorless cameras.
DSLR cameras have been around for a long time (late 1970s), which has given manufacturers a lot of time to develop a wide variety of lenses. As for the biggest names in Nikon and Canon DSLRs, it's not hard to say that there are literally hundreds of lenses to choose from for each system.
The main thing to remember when buying an interchangeable lens camera is that it will have a specific lens mount and you will be limited to lenses with that lens mount. For example, Canon DSLR cameras have two types of lens mount "EF-S" and "EF". Most of Canon's consumer cameras are “EF-S” mountable, which means they can mount both “EF-S” and “EF” lenses.
However, their full-frame cameras, such as the Canon 6D Mark II or 5D Mark IV, come with EF mount lenses that only accept EF lenses.
Features of video shooting
One of the nice things about digital sensors is that they are used not only for photographing but also for video recording. Most of them can create videos, but they vary in video quality and features, such as whether they have 4K video support.
While this guide is all about travel photography, if you are interested in video, make sure the camera you are purchasing supports the video features you want.
In terms of features, image stabilization as described above should also be considered when shooting video, as this feature can help smooth out micro-shake if you're shooting handheld video.
DSLR cameras generally have excellent battery life.
Typically, you will need a camera that provides 600 to 700 shots of battery life on a single charge.
Note that most photographers use an optical viewfinder when shooting with a DSLR, but if you use the rear screen a lot it will take more power to power the screen. It's also worth noting that features like GPS or WiFi can have a significant impact on battery life, so you should keep that in mind if you decide to use those features.
Which DSLR is better to buy
After taking a look at our DSLR review and a quick tour of some of the key specs and features, we'll go over what we consider to be the best DSLRs for beginners and travel.
This list is ordered by manufacturer's prices, from least expensive to most expensive, and contains what we think are some of the best DSLRs on the market today. For each camera, we'll share its strengths and why we decided to include it on the list.
We start at a cost of Rs 25,000 with a review of the cameras on this list. We think this is the lowest price you can pay for a new DSLR with a built-in lens (or around RUR 20,000 without a lens).
Until a few years ago, most of the kit lenses were of inferior quality, but manufacturers have improved their cameras somewhat in this area, and kit lenses are often a great starting lens for those looking to get into more advanced digital photography without spending huge sums.
Best Canon DSLRs
Canon EOS Rebel T7 (EOS 2000D)
Like its main competitor Nikon, Canon has a pretty amazing array of DSLRs throughout the range. The Rebel T6 (known as the EOS 1300D in Europe) is one of their entry-level models, and you get quite a few cameras for a little money with this model.
With a 24MP sensor, WiFi connectivity and an ISO range of up to 6400, it gives you all the control you need at an affordable price. Burst speed is slow at 3fps, but the price is hard to argue with. To be honest, we are most likely inclined towards either the slightly more expensive Canon, or the Nikon below if you're manufacturer independent.
Canon EOS Rebel SL3 (EOS 250D)
Compared to the Canon Rebel T6, the Rebel SL3 (known in Europe as the EOS 250D) has a faster processor, a higher resolution 24.2MP sensor, a movable touchscreen, and a faster burst speed (5fps). It also has the best battery life (1,070 shots). Notably, it also includes 4K video support.
If you can afford the price spike from the Rebel T6, we highly recommend the SL3 as one of the best entry-level Canon DSLRs on the market today. It's also slightly lighter and more compact than the T6 and is one of the smallest moveable touchscreen 4K DSLRs on the market today.
Note that SL3 replaced EOS SL2, our previous pick on this list, in April 2019. As a result, you expect SL2 prices to drop, which means you can get a great deal. The SL2 has very similar specs and the same sensor, but it has a shorter battery life (around 650 shots) and n0 4K support.
Canon Rebel T7i (EOS 800D)
The T7i (EOS 800D in Europe) offers a number of features that deserve your attention.
It features a 24.2MP sensor at 6fps, a movable LCD touchscreen display, and Bluetooth and WiFi connectivity.
However, all of this suggests that this isn't such a big upgrade over the Nikon D5600, which offers pretty much the same feature set at a lower price point. Canon does have a better screen and slightly faster autofocus, but Nikon has slightly better low light performance.
Canon EOS 80D
Now we are moving into the territory of professionals, where the cost of a camera starts at 60,000 rubles without a lens. Most of them will have the option to include the lens with your initial purchase.
The first camera in this segment is the Canon EOS 80D. It features a 24.2MP APS-C sensor, movable touchscreen, fast autofocus, sealed body and 7fps burst shooting capability.
It's a very efficient camera and is definitely one step ahead of the more consumer-oriented offerings in Canon's lineup, although you're starting to pay more for this level of camera.
Canon EOS 7D Mark II
The Canon 7D has long been the most popular camera for shooting and filming, offering many features that make it stand out in this style of photography. In particular, it has a large number of AF points, a dedicated AF point selection joystick, a fast burst speed of 10 fps, and excellent subject tracking capabilities.
The LCD is not touch-sensitive, but has built-in GPS and WiFi, and the battery life is 670 shots. The sensor has a size of 20MP APS-C.
For wildlife and action photographers, this Canon camera is worth considering as it has many ideal features for fast focusing and moving subjects.
Canon EOS 6D Mark II
Canon 6D is an excellent DSLR camera.
To begin with, this is the first full-frame camera on our list. The full-frame sensor is larger than the APS-C sized sensors used in all cameras so far, which means it captures more light and therefore performs better in low light conditions.
This camera also has built-in GPS, which we feel is essential to keep track of where all of our photos were taken, as well as a sealed body, a tilting touchscreen and an amazingly compact and lightweight design with a large sensor. It's also incredibly good value for a full-frame camera, and the battery is rated for 1200 shots.
It also offers 6.5fps burst speed, which is a significant upgrade from the original 6D. ISO support is up to 102,400, and the size of the full-frame sensor is 26.2MP.
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
We are now getting closer to the more flagship DSLRs available on the market today. While there are “better” cameras that are a little more specialized, the two cameras at the top of our list from Nikon and Canon are widely regarded as working cameras for photographers of all types.
First of all, Canon's contender is the EOS 5D Mark IV. As the name suggests, this is the fourth iteration of this camera model and has long been the unrivaled camera in the professional photographer's bag.
The 5D Mark IV offers a 30.4-megapixel full-frame sensor with 61 AF points, ISO support up to 102,400, 4K video support, touchscreen, weather protection, fast autofocus, 7fps burst speed, built-in WiFi and GPS and quality Images. it ranks among the best available.
It is significantly more expensive compared to the 6D Mark II, which we think will suit most travel photographers, but if you need additional features, this is a great choice.
Best Nikon DSLRs
The low price tag of an entry-level Nikon DSLR is definitely not an indication of quality, as the Nikon D3500 packs features that made it a premium camera just a few years ago.
With a 24.2 megapixel DX sensor, 5 frames per second and an impressive runtime of 1200 shots, the Nikon D3500 has excellent performance. It also supports Bluetooth connectivity, so you can connect your smartphone, and the 18-55mm lens kit has image stabilization (Nikon calls it VR). This camera is a great option for beginners.
It's also surprisingly small and light for a DSLR camera, although it lacks some features like the touchscreen, which is to be expected at this price point.
If you really want to save some money, the predecessors of this camera (D3300 and D3400) have much of the same features, but they can be purchased for as little as £ 20,000. But the D3500 has better battery life and is lighter than these cameras.
In the consumer space, Nikon has three main series - D3xxx, D5xxx, and D7xxx. Prices and specs rise steadily between each range, and a new model number is released every one or two years to keep the range fresh.
However, as with Canon, new release models are sometimes more of a marketing ploy than anything else, and a new model may not always be worth the price increase. The D5600 replaces the D5500, and while the update is not significant, it costs about the same price, so you can get the latest version as well.
The D5600 has a 24.2MP sensor, a movable touchscreen interface, good autofocus performance, Wi-Fi, NFC and Bluetooth connectivity, and a battery life with 820 shots. Of course, this is a great opportunity to consider your average DSLR.
With a sealed body, tilting touchscreen, 51-point autofocus system, 8fps burst rate and 4K video support, the Nikon D7500 is a serious competitor at this price point.
The main competitor of the Nikon D7500 in this price segment is the aforementioned Canon 7D Mark 2. The Canon camera does not support touch screen or 4K video and has a lower maximum ISO rating. However, it has a slightly faster image and a better autofocus system.
Both cameras are weatherproof, but Nikon is significantly lighter and offers better battery life - up to 950 shots from a single battery.
As you can see, the Nikon D7500 and Canon 7d Mark II have their own pros and cons, so it ultimately comes down to personal preference for which one you prefer.
It's time for Nikon's entry-level full-frame camera that rivals the 6D Mark II - the Nikon D750.
With a 24.3MP FX camera (Nikon's name for full-frame images) this is a great camera. You get a tilting touchscreen, great low-light performance, 6.5fps burst speed, ISO up to 51,200, and built-in WiFi.
The camera is also weatherproof and can take up to 1230 photos, as well as a good autofocus system. Like the 6D Mark II, video is limited to 1080p.
It is slightly larger than the 6D Mark II and lacks built-in GPS. However, both cameras are excellent and the decision will likely depend on which camera system you are most comfortable with.
A Nikon-grade professional camera with a huge 45.7MP sensor, 9fps burst speed, high-resolution tilting touchscreen, 153 AF points, weatherproofing and 4k video support, supports a variety of tasks.
Its sensor in particular has been praised as one of the best on the market, offering wide dynamic range and excellent low light performance.
There's no built-in GPS, and it's slightly heavier (and more expensive) than the Canon 5D Mark IV. The D850 may have a slight edge over the Canon 5D, but it's also slightly more expensive. Both are excellent professional grade camera choices.
Best Pentax DSLRs
Most of these listings are dominated by Canon and Nikon cameras, simply because they tend to have the best DSLRs and have dominated the market for decades. However, they are not the only players in the game and the Pentax K-70 is definitely a good contender.
Unlike other manufacturers, especially at this price point, Pentax has built-in image stabilization in camera bodies.
It also has a variable-angle LCD screen (non-touchscreen), fully weatherproof (a feature not usually found on entry-level cameras!), Equipped with a 24.2 Megapixel APS-C and ISO sensor that is up to 102,400 ,
It's a great contender with some great specs at this price point. Just remember that Pentax doesn't have the huge range of lenses available for Canon and Nikon systems.
As mentioned earlier, Canon and Nikon are two big players in the DSLR camera space that tend to dominate the list of the best, but the Pentax has some great low-cost and competitive options, including the Pentax KP.
The Pentax KP is a great choice for DSLRs, offering in-body image stabilization, a 24MP sensor, a tilting LCD screen (not touchscreen), 7fps burst shooting and a very high maximum ISO of 819,200. He also received a completely sealed body.
Battery life isn't ideal with less than 400 shots and it's relatively heavy, but it gets a lot of positive reviews for its high build quality and excellent image quality, especially when shooting at higher ISOs.
If you're not committed to buying a Canon or Nikon and are happy with the lens selection available, this is definitely an option worth considering.
Tips for Taking Better Photos with a DSLR
Hopefully by now you have a better idea of which DSLR is right for you and your budget. Of course, the camera isn't everything when it comes to photography. Getting a great photo comes down mainly to the operator (that's you!) Of the camera, not the camera itself.
With that in mind, we would like to share some tips to help you get the most out of your DSLR.
You will need to learn the different focus modes on your camera and learn how to operate them, as well as other features such as subject tracking, flash control, and more.
One of the main advantages of a DSLR over a smartphone or basic compact camera is that you can shoot in RAW format.
RAW is an uncompressed file format in which all the data that the camera records when the image is taken is saved to the memory card. It's kind of the equivalent of a movie negative, and it contains a lot of information about images that other formats like JPEG lose. It is important to note that RAW files also take up more storage space than JPEG or JPG files.
The downside to RAW is that you need to edit the photos to make them usable as RAW files are not supported by web browsers. Instead, you need to open the RAW file in your editing software, apply the changes you want to make, and then save the file in a more user-friendly format like JPG.